Basic Beliefs and Practices

Islam is one of the world’s largest religions with over a billion followers. A broad definition of Islam goes beyond the realm of worship and spirituality and includes aspects of personal and social interactions amongst many others. The purpose of this page is to provide very brief information about some basic aspects of Islamic believes and practices.



Muslims believe in one God. He is the Creator of all that exists and He sustains all His creations without fatigue. There is no deity other than God and only He deserves to be worshipped. The Arabic word for God is Allah. Allah describes himself in many place in the Quran, for example:

Say: He is Allah, the One and Only;
Allah, the Eternal, Absolute;
He begetteth not, nor is He begotten;
And there is none like unto Him
Quran, chapter 112

llah – there is no deity except Him, the Ever-Living, the Sustainer of [all] existence. Neither drowsiness overtakes Him nor sleep. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth. Who is it that can intercede with Him except by His permission? He knows what is [presently] before them and what will be after them, and they encompass not a thing of His knowledge except for what He wills. His Kursi extends over the heavens and the earth, and their preservation tires Him not. And He is the Most High, the Most Great.
Quran 2:225

Messengers and Prophets

Allah sent prophets and messengers who received revelation from Him to convey to their people in order to guide them towards a path that will grant them success in this life and in the hereafter. Muslims believe, love and respect all the messengers and prophets sent by Allah; some of whom are mentioned in the Quran and others are not. From amongst those who are mentioned by name include Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses and Jesus (peace and blessings of Allah be upon all of them).The final Messenger is Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him).


Allah revealed to the prophets books and scriptures as guidance for mankind. The final revealed scripture is the Quran and was given to Muhammad (peace be upon him).

Day of Judgment

Muslims believe that after death all of humanity will be raised on Judgment Day to be questioned and recompensed for what one did in his/her earthly life.

When the earth is shaken with its (final) earthquake.
And when the earth throws out its burdens,
And man will say: “What is the matter with it?”
That Day it will declare its information (about all what happened over it of good or evil).
Because your Lord has inspired it.
That Day mankind will proceed in scattered groups that they may be shown their deeds.
So whosoever does good equal to the weight of an atom shall see it.
And whosoever does evil equal to the weight of an atom shall see it.

Quran 99: 1 – 9

Acts of worship

Salah (prayer)

Muslims have to pray five times a day every day; this is called salah. The salah consists of recitations, invocations, bowing and prostrating. Muslims pray at set times throughout the day and can pray individually or in a congregation at home, in the workplace, at the mosque or wherever they may be at prayer time.
If you would like to visit the mosque to see how Muslims pray then please contact us.

Zakat (charity)

Zakat is an annual charity that is paid by the rich to the poor and needy. It is 2.5 per cent of a person’s annual savings (excess wealth).
This act of worship has two dimensions, spiritual and social. The spiritual aspect being that a Muslim fulfills a commandment of Allah as well as feeling a sense of gratitude that Allah had bestowed upon them the blessing of wealth. The obvious social benefit is that wealth is distributed amongst the poor.

Fasting in Ramadhan

Muslims fast during the ninth month of the Islamic calendar. They refrain from food and drink between early dawn and sunset. Muslims celebrate the festival of Eid at the end of Ramadhan.


Hajj is an annual pilgrimage to Makkah. An adult Muslim who is physically fit and can afford the journey must undertake the pilgrimage at least once in their lifetime. The hajj is the largest annual gathering that takes place and draws people from all parts of the world of different races, languages and social statuses.

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